Effects of the Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki


effects of the Atomic Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki

On the morning of 10 August, police rescue units and workers from the Kawaminami shipbuilding works began the imperative task of clearing the Omura-Nagasaki pike, which was impassable for 8,000 feet. One piece is placed at one end of the barrel and will remain there at rest. My grandmother was hit on the head by a flying piece of roof and she was bleeding * * * I became hysterical seeing my grandmother bleeding and we just ran around without knowing what. Among the passerby, there are many who are uninjured. These figures clearly suggest that the will to resist had indeed been higher in the "atomic bomb cities" than in Japan as a whole. Prior to the dropping of the atomic bombs, the people of the two target cities appear to have had fewer misgivings about the war than people in other cities. I was working at the office. Thermal radiation can come in either one of three forms; ultraviolet radiation, visible radiation, or infrared radiation. Transportation buildings (offices, stations, living quarters, and a few warehouses) were damaged by fire in the passenger station area, but damage was slight to the roundhouses, transit sheds, warehouses, and repair units in the classification and repair area.

Or of the Mitsubishi Steel Works: Plant structures here (some north-light steel framed structures) suffered extensive damage to roofs and walls as steel plates were blown off. They were so nervous they could not work. Those that were at a distance of three and one half kilometers from the hypocenter received second degree burns. (2 obtain as complete information as possible on the outcome of each registered pregnancy.

Those within 3,000 feet of ground zero were totally destroyed, and the mortality rate of the occupants was practically 100 percent. These burnt-out structural frames rose impressively from the ashes of the burned-over section where occasional piles of rubble or twisted steel skeletons marked the location of brick or steel frame structures. Only toward the periphery of the affected zone was the blast effect lateral and likely to throw people violently against buildings, and at the periphery the intensity of the blast had fallen off sharply. In the group between 6,500 and 10,000 feet, about one-third have given birth to apparently normal children. Electric power from the general network was available in most of the surviving parts of the city on 7 August, and only one plant, the Engineering Division of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, was hampered in its recovery by the inability to obtain sufficient power for several. Control of relief measures was in the hands of the prefecture. When the atomic bomb exploded, an intense flash was observed first, as though a large amount of magnesium had been ignited, and the scene grew hazy with white smoke. The other three Mitsubishi firms, which were responsible together with the dockyards for over 90 percent of the industrial output of the city, were seriously damaged. In Hirsohima, the total number killed was one hundred and eithteen thousand six hundred and sixty-one. In many instances, these primary burns of minor nature were completely healed before patients developed evidence of radiation effects. However, it is doubtful that 10 percent of all the deaths resulting from the atomic bombs could have been avoided with the best medical care. The major damage was sustained by track and railroad bridges.

The Use of Atomic Bombing and Nuclear Fission,


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