opponent in his net and then stab him with his trident spear. Romans slowly adapted this form of entertainment, the first exhibition was given in 264. As Wiedemann points out, December was also the month for the Saturnalia, Saturn's festival, in which death was linked to renewal, and the lowest were honoured as the highest. The width of 166 feet all around the arena was allotted to the spectators. Plebs and Politics in the Late Roman Republic. "Women with swords: female gladiators in the Roman world". The games finally declined during the early 5th century after the adoption. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. A "Mirmillo / Murmillo" or "Fish Man" style helmet, topped with a fish-like dorsal fin, on the left and a "Secutor" or "Chaser" style on the right. . Later games were held by an editor, either identical with the munerator or an official employed by him. Segmentata (articulated plate) style Manica arm guard, with padding. . The secutor was equipped with a long, heavy "large" shield called a scutum Secutores, their supporters and any heavyweight secutor -based types such as the Murmillo were secutarii.
Welch is citing Livy,.30.15. Family connections / Genealogy of Commodus * Name of Father: Marcus Aurelius * Name of Mother: Faustina * Married: Consort to Bruttia Crispina * Children: None, place and Date of Death: Commodus died 31 December 192 (age 31) in Rome. Under the empire the Samnites, eventually lost their name which was derived from Rome's ancient enemies. Futrell is citing Quintilian's Oratorical Institute,.13.54; Futrell 2006,. . A b Coleman, Kathleen (17 February 2011). It was notably fulfilled and celebrated in the battlefield devotio of two consular Decii ; firstly by the father and later by his son. "Barbarian" Lupus Britanicus, takes on "Samnite" Maximus Gladius. . Some of these were Christians, who faced death for the treasonable offence of refusing to sacrifice to the will of the Emperor, thereby rejecting the Roman and state-sanctioned religion of Paganism. . Hopkins, Keith; Beard, Mary (2005). 18 The context of the Punic Wars and Rome's near-disastrous defeat at the Battle of Cannae (216 BC) link these early games to munificence, the celebration of military victory and the religious expiation of military disaster; these munera appear to serve a morale-raising agenda.