and others may be more free, yet still identify size-boundaries. Conductors act as guides to the orchestras or choirs they conduct. The concertmaster leads the pre-concert tuning and handles musical aspects of orchestra management, such as determining the bowings for the violins or for all of the string section. The player plays the vibraphone while standing. Tuned instruments play specific pitches or notes, just like the woodwind, brass and string instruments. The Percussion Family The percussion section provides a variety of rhythms, textures and tone colors to orchestral music.
Instruments of the Orchestra, san Francisco Symphony
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The snare drum is played by hitting with drum sticks. Glass in particular has recently turned to conventional orchestras in works like the Concerto for Cello and Orchestra and the Violin Concerto. The reduced numbers in performance are usually confined to the string section, since the numbers here have traditionally been flexible (as multiple players typically play from the same part). The actual number of musicians employed in a given performance may vary from seventy to over one hundred musicians, depending on the work being played and the size of the venue. Conducting while playing a piano or synthesizer may also be done with musical theatre pit orchestras. In 1922, the idea of a conductor-less orchestra was revived in post- revolutionary Soviet Union. University or conservatory orchestras: These orchestras consist of students from a university or music conservatory. It is more powerful than most woodwinds, and more versatile than most brass instruments.