of protection, shelters, pro-arrest policies, and other criminal justice reforms. He selected "politically safe" examples (in terms of their vote-getting appeal) and omitted controversial and divisive examples. With greater appreciation of the threat posed by drunk drivers, DUI and DWI offenses are taken much more seriously these days, and those injured in crashes can exercise the rights of crime victims, which exceed the rights of accident victims. 3) The editors of the. Usually the deviance is criminal, but it can also involve lawful acts considered morally repugnant by a large segment of society. But the situation was allowed to fester until these victims were "rediscovered" by political movements and the news media, and organized into a movement by activists and self-help support groups (see Karmen, 1990). End page 102 5) New York's former Mayor Koch (1994) cited the acceptance of Louis Farrakhan's Nation of Islam as an example of "defining deviancy down." 6) New York's Police Commissioner Bratton (1994) used the term to justify his department's new get-tough policies. Kai Erikson (1966) advanced this line of thinking, and End page 109 argued that deviance is not a property inherent in certain forms of conduct but is a judgment imposed by an audience. Given the manifest decline of the American civic order, too many people are getting used to a lot of behavior that is not good for a society; more people should become alarmed at the "trivialization of the high crime rate.". An officer, who may be very efficient hard-working and competent but if he takes alcohol every day, would be labeled an alcoholic. In fact, except for condemning out-of- wedlock pregnancies, he side-stepped the entire issue of the "new morality" since the "sexual revolution" of the 1960s.
Target For Hate Crimes, Teens and Social Life in Hong Kong, The Grapes of Wrath and Social Protest, Prohibition: A Great Social Experiment,
Valentine's Day massacre of four gangsters in 1929, and how the shooting of a teacher is normalized when it is called the "first" of the current semester, implying that more will follow. The introductory article by Gesine foljanty-jost and Manuel metzler demonstrates that, especially in comparison to Germany, the problem of violence in Japanese schools seems to be highly overestimated within Japanese public opinion. While in Germany it was violence against people of a non-German cultural background that caused deep concern in society, in the US the public became alarmed by news about weapons at schools. So far, the criticism of Moynihan's phrase has centered upon the partisan way he applied. Even more interesting than the examples mass extinction he cites are the examples he omits. The following examples show how quickly the expression was picked up and mainstreamed into popular culture, and how rapidly it entered the political fray (at least in the New York City area 1) The editors of the, new York Times (1994) used the phrase. Thus, psychological theories find the cause of deviant motivations or acts in the individual's early experiences. In Great Britain the appearance of hooligans during football games was an issue of public debate and even in Japan, which is known for its well-integrated youth, an increase in bullying and violence at schools was reported. With heightened consciousness about sexual harassment, subordinates no longer have to put up with the innuendos, lewd suggestions, or explicit ultimatums made by people higher up in the organization. That impression is inaccurate.